In this article the author reviews research evidence on the prevalence of mental disorders in lesbians, gay men, tubes bisexuals LGBs and shows, using meta-analyses, that LGBs have a higher prevalence of mental disorders than heterosexuals.
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The author offers a conceptual framework for understanding this excess in prevalence of disorder in terms of minority lez —explaining that stigma, prejudice, and discrimination create a hostile and stressful social environment that causes mental health problems. The model describes stress processes, including the experience of prejudice events, expectations of rejection, hiding and concealing, internalized homophobia, and ameliorative coping processes.
This conceptual framework is the basis for the review of research evidence, suggestions for future research directions, and exploration of public policy implications.
The study of mental health of lesbian, gay, and bisexual LGB populations has been complicated by the debate on the classification of homosexuality as a mental disorder during the s and early s. That debate posited a gay-affirmative perspective, which sought to declassify homosexuality, against a conservative perspective, which sought to retain the classification of homosexuality as a mental disorder Bayer, Although the debate on tubes ended in with the removal of homosexuality from the second edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM ; American Psychiatric Association,its heritage has lasted.
This heritage has tainted discussion on mental health of lesbians and gay men bondage maidens associating—even equating—claims that LGB people have higher prevalences of mental disorders than heterosexual people with the historical antigay stance and the stigmatization of LGB persons Bailey, However, a fresh look at the issues should make it clear that whether LGB populations have higher prevalences of mental disorders is unrelated to the classification of you porn gr lez a mental disorder.
A retrospective analysis would suggest that the attempt to find a scientific answer in that debate rested on flawed logic. The debated scientific question was, Is homosexuality a mental disorder? The operationalized research question that pervaded the debate was, Do homosexuals have high prevalences of mental disorders?
But the research did not accurately operationalize the scientific question.